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Clinical Manifestations of HIV in Children

HIV / AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) was first reported in America in 1981 in homosexual adults, while in children in 1983. Six years later (1989), AIDS has been a disease that threatens the health of children in America. Around the world, AIDS causes death to more than 8,000 people every day today, which means 1 person every 10 seconds. Therefore HIV infection is considered the highest cause of death due to one type of infectious agent. Since the start of the HIV epidemic, AIDS has killed more than 25 million people; More than 14 million children lost one or both parents due to AIDS. Every year an estimated 3 million people die from AIDS; 500,000 of them are children under 15 years of age. Every year there are new infections in 5 million people, especially in underdeveloped and developing countries; 700,000 of which occur in children. With this large transmission rate of 37.8 million people living with HIV / AIDS infection in 2005, there are 2.1 million children under 15. Many more recent guides from different countries, including the US Department of Health AIDS Institute (guideline 2013) on PEP of non-occupational HIV, are taking the latest and current ART drug regimen with better side-effect profiles. Prophylaxis Exposure to HIV (HIV PEP) is also offered by the HIV PEP singapore clinic for high-risk sexual use or injecting drug use.

Kaletra (Lopinavir plus Ritonavir). Drug Class: Combination of PI with antiretroviral. Side effects: Diarrhea (very common), nausea, vomiting, headache, asthenia, transaminitis, liver toxicity, abdominal pain, pancreatitis, paresthesia, hyperglycemia (diabetes worsens), hypertriglyceridemia, elevated cholesterol, increased uric acid (uric acid disorders) Body fat Redistribution, the possibility of increased bleeding in hemophilia. HIV infection is a disease caused by HIV infection (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). AIDS is a disease that indicates the existence of cellular immune deficiency syndrome as a result of HIV infection. The most efficient and effective way to combat HIV infection in children is to reduce mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), but every day there are 1800 new infections in children aged less than 15 years, 90% In the developing or underdeveloped countries and through mother-to-child transmission Efforts to prevent HIV transmission of children by WHO are conducted through four strategies: preventing HIV transmission in women of childbearing age, preventing unplanned pregnancy in HIV-infected women, preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV HIV is pregnant with the child to be born and provides ongoing support, services and care for people living with HIV.